World Anesthesia Day which is celebrated in many countries every year on October 16, is traditionally
considered as a professional holiday by resuscitation anesthetists and all specialists in this field of
The history of this field of medicine began in the middle of the 19th century – on October 16, 1846, an
American dentist Thomas Morton performed an operation under ether anesthesia. So for the first time, the
successful use of anesthesia to create general anesthesia was publicly demonstrated. He used inhalation of
diethyl ether as an anesthetic. Therefore, October 16 is considered to be World Anesthesia Day.
Although, of course, analgesics have existed in the world since ancient times. For example, many Indian
tribes used the sap of various plants to reduce their sensitivity. Also known is the ancient Greek physician
and philosopher Dioscorides, who, traveling with the Roman army during the time of the emperor Nero
and practicing medical practice, noticed that the use of soothing medicines prepared from mandrake
allows more successful operations, which increased the chances of recovery for the wounded warriors. By
the way, it was he who first applied the term known today – “anesthesia”.
Along with the development of society, knowledge in the field of medicine was also improved, including
in anesthesiology, which ultimately led to its separation into a separate branch of medicine, which now
inherently accompanies not only surgery, but also psychiatry, narcology, and other areas of medicine.